Долголетие: как продлить жизнь на 28 лет | Последние новости сегодня в мире здоровья



Долголетие: как продлить жизнь на 28 лет
Долголетие: как продлить жизнь на 28 лет
Фото: Pixabay Долголетия можно легко достичь, придерживаясь 4 основных правил по жизни. Так, вы можете без лишних усилий насладиться еще 28 годами жизни. Об этом сообщает "Сегодня".  Спокойствие и кефир: + 14 лет  Хронические стрессы нарушают работу ЦНС, а она регулирует функции всего организма. Так что уберите постоянный источник адреналина и научитесь на любые нервные ситуации реагировать ровно. Разновидность стресса - не только недосып, но и сон, несогласованный с биоритмами организма. Например, где-то с 20:00 и до 01:00 усиленно вырабатывается мелатонин  - гормон, регулирующий работу головного мозга, иммунной, эндокринной и сердечно-сосудистой систем, работающий как антиоксидант и замедляющий старение клеток. Но вырабатывается он при условии, что человек находится в это время не в освещенном офисе или в фитнес-комплексе, а в темноте – чего можно достичь, только отойдя ко сну в комнате с зашторенными окнами.  Что касается питания, то 75% рациона должна составлять растительная пища (овощи, зелень, фрукты, каши из цельного зерна), 25% - белки, в том числе кисломолочные продукты (в их числе - 200 мл кефира или йогурта, в идеале - приготовленных собственноручно или хотя бы без стабилизаторов и красителей в составе). Кисломолочные продукты обеспечивают баланс микрофлоры в кишечнике, а это залог того, что все органы функционируют слаженно, без ошибок работает иммунитет, полноценно усваивается пища, и как следствие – нет места болезням. Питаться необходимо в 4-5 приемов. Тогда нагрузка на пищеварительные органы будет более равномерной, уровень глюкозы в крови  - стабильным, а это обеспечит слаженную работу мозга и ЖКТ и продлит жизнь. Кислород и нагрузки: + 6 лет Каждый день ваши мышцы должны работать. Утром – зарядка, в течение дня и до вечера – быстрая ходьба (в общей сложности – до 4-5 км), фитнес-тренировки, игра в теннис, плавание, работы на даче, сбор ягод и грибов в лес. Для тех, кому за 50, физнагрузки – не ежедневно, а 4-5 раз в неделю. Не допускайте переутомления и не нагружайтесь в помещении - работа мышц (в том числе при зарядке) должна проходить на свежем воздухе. Иначе происходит переключение на бескислородную выработку энергии, и в организме появляется избыток молочной кислоты, недоокисленных продуктов обмена веществ. И человек становится уязвимым перед вирусами, бактериями, в той или иной мере нарушаются функции органов. Работа души и ума: +3 года  В человеке от природы заложена потребность в поиске смысла жизни. Совершенствование души и сознания помогают поискам и становятся их следствием. Отсутствие служения семье, другим людям лишает радости и лет не прибавляет. Заставляйте работать свой мозг – думайте, читайте, получайте новые навыки, опыт, знания. Это тоже продлевает жизнь. Ведь от тонуса головного мозга напрямую зависит состояние других органов и систем. Без сигарет и алкоголя: + 5 лет 90% сигаретного дыма - угарный газ, 10% – 4000 ядовитых примесей и паров. То есть регулярное курение – это постоянное отравление, а оно старит клетки. Злоупотребление алкоголем нарушает работу нервной системы и печени. Тогда она производит детоксикацию в неполном объеме, и возникает хроническое отравление.  Доза алкоголя, оказывающая разрушительное действие, у каждого своя. Но признаки перебора  - общие: болит голова, возникает слабость и упадок сил. Уменьшайте дозы спиртных напитков или откажитесь от них вообще. Напомним, ранее столетняя американка раскрыла секрет долгой жизни.
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